General Service-Learning Principles and Best Practices

  • Battistoni, R. M. (2002). Civic engagement across the curriculum: A resource book for service-learning faculty in all disciplines. Providence, RI: Campus Compact.
  • Billig, S., & Furco, A. (2002). Service-learning through a multidisciplinary lens.Greenwich, CT: Information Age.
  • Eyler, J., & Giles, D. E. (1999). Where's the learning in service-learning? San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.
  • Campus Compact. (2003). Introduction to service-learning toolkit: Readings and resources for faculty (2nd ed.). Providence, RI: Campus Compact.
  • Jacoby, B. (1996). Service-learning in higher education: Concepts and practices. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

Syllabus and Course Design

Campus-Community Partnerships

  • Checkoway, B. (1996). Combining service and learning on campus and in the community. Phi Delta Kappan, 77(9), 600-602.
  • Jacoby, B. (2003). Building partnerships for service-learning. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.
  • Sandy, M., & Holland, B. A. (2006). Different worlds and common ground: Community partner perspectives on campus-community partnerships.Michigan Journal of Community Service Learning, 13(1), 30.
  • Scheibel, J., Bowley, E. M., & Jones, S. (2005). The promise of partnerships: Tapping into the college as a community asset. Providence, RI: Campus Compact.
  • Stoeker, R. & Tryon, E. (2009). The unheard voices: Community organizations and service learning. Philadelphia: Temple University Press.
  • Torres, J., & Schaffer, J. (2000). Benchmarks for campus/community partnerships. Providence, RI: Campus Compact.


  • Ash, S. L., & Clayton, P. H. (2004). The articulated learning: An approach to guided reflection and assessment. Innovative Higher Education, 29(2), 137-154.
  • Bringle, R. G., & Hatcher, J. (1996). Reflection activities for the college classroom. Indiana University - Purdue University Indianapolis.
  • Bringle, R. G., & Hatcher, J. A. (1999). Reflection in service learning: Making meaning of experience. Educational Horizons, 77(4), 179-185.
  • Eyler, J., & Giles, D. (1996). A practitioner's guide to reflection in service-learning: Student voices and reflections. Nashville: Vanderbilt University.
  • Hatcher, J. A., & Bringle, R. (1997). Reflection: Bridging the gap between service and learning. College Teaching, 45(4), 153-158.
  • Reed, J., & Koliba, C. (1996). Facilitating reflection: A manual for higher education. Washington, DC: Georgetown University Volunteer and Public Service Center.
  • The Project on Civic Reflection: This site includes a "how to" guide, sample materials, and a resource library.

Assessment and Impact

  • Astin, A. W., & Sax, L. J. (1998). How undergraduates are affected by service participation. Journal of College Student Development, 39, 251-263.
  • Boss, J. A. (1994). The effect of community service work on the moral development of college ethics students. Journal of Moral Education, 23(2), 183-198.
  • Bringle, R. G., Phillips, M. A., & Hudson, M. (2004). The measure of service learning: Research scales to assess student experiences. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.
  • Eyler, J., Giles, D., Stenson, C., & Gray, C. J. (2001). At a glance: What we know about the effects of service-learning on college students, faculty, institutions and communities, 1993-2000. Corporation for National Service: Learn and Serve America National Service-Learning Clearinghouse.
  • Gelmon, S. B., Holland, B. A., Driscoll, A., Spring, A., and Kerrigan, S. (2001).Assessing the impact of service-learning and civic engagement: Principles and techniques. Providence. RI: Campus Compact.
  • Markus, G. B., Howard, J. P. F., & King, D. C. (1993). Notes: Integrating community service and classroom instruction enhances learning: Results from an experiment. Educational Evaluation and Policy Analysis, 15(4), 410.

Community-Based Research

  • Ansley, F., & Gaventa, J. (1997). Researching for democracy & democratizing research. Change, 29(1), 46-53.
  • Community Research Network: This site has links to related articles and organizations.
  • Community Research Network (CRN) Information: The Loka Institute does community-based research and advocacy work in science and technology.
  • Developing and Sustaining Community-Based Participatory Research Partnerships: A Skill-Building Curriculum: A comprehensive online tutorial and reference for learning about, planning, and enhancing CBR partnerships, securing funding, and disseminating results.
  • Ferrari, J. R., & Jason, L. A. (1996). Integrating research and community service: Incorporating research skills into service learning experiences.College Student Journal, 30, 444-451.
  • Peresie, J., Willis, J., Waldref, V., & Stockmann, D. (2003). The undergraduate perspective on community-based research. Michigan Journal of Community Service Learning, 9(3), 36-43.
  • Strand, K., Marullo, S., Cutforth, N., Stoecker, R., & Donohue, P. (2003). Principles of best practice for community-based research. Michigan Journal of Community Service Learning, 9(3), 5-15.

Engaged Scholarship

Research University Engaged Scholarship Toolkit: Campus Compact's collection of resources about engaged scholarship, including how to demonstrate the quality and impacts of engaged scholarship during the promotion & tenure process.


  • Brookfield, S. D. (1990). The skillful teacher: On technique, trust, and responsiveness in the classroom. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.
  • Palmer, P. J. (2007). The courage to teach: Exploring the inner landscape of a teacher's life. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.
    • Resources

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