First semester of intermediate Haitian Creole or Kreyol. This course moves beyond survival skills in Creole to more complex social interactions and expressions of analysis and opinion. Intermediate skills in understanding, speaking, writing, reading will be contextualized within a broad range of issues such as rural life in Haiti, religion, frenchified Creole vs popular Creole, through texts, poems, and excerpts taken from novels in Haitian Creole. Students will learn to carefully follow contemporary events and debates in Haitian culture using internet resources in Creole.
Prerequisite: HINDI 102 or a placement test.
Students will practice all language skills, including reading, writing, listening, and speaking. Students will learn to communicate and describe their surroundings in all tenses, follow Bollywood movies, short stories, and news articles. The focus is on Indian culture and diversity.
No previous knowledge of Hindi required.
The major goal is to develop practical ability to communicate in Hindi for day-to-day needs. This course will provide students with knowledge and understanding of the Hindi language and Indian culture. Topics include: the Hindi script, basic grammar and sentence structure, development of language skills in reading, writing, listening, and speaking.
Designed for Chinese as a foreign/second language. Follows Chinese 204 or 224A as part of the language sequence. Increases students' knowledge of more complex forms of the Chinese vocabulary system and competencies in speaking, aural comprehension, reading, and writing. Exposure to a speech variety appropriate to formal and informal speech situations. Materials drawn from newspaper articles, essays, and other readings concerning social and cultural issues in contemporary Chinese society. Emphasis on the active use of the language for communication in written and spoken forms.
Community-based interaction with Durham Public Schools. Topics: Latino/a identity, access to education for immigrants, academic performance, assimilation, general pressures of family and peers, bilingualism, configurations of ethno-racial consciousness. Required 20 hours outside of class with assigned community partners. Assessment on knowledge of content, oral and written Spanish, and participation in service. Recommended students take 300-level Spanish course prior to enrolling. Pre-requisite: Spanish 204 or equivalent.
Materials from public media used to analyze diverse social phenomena and cultural issues in contemporary China. Major focus on developing literary reading and writing skills along with learning methods of writing academic Chinese essays on a wide range of complex topics. Topics include popular culture, food, marriage outlooks, Cultural Revolution, Confucianism, and social issues after the economic reform in China. Analysis of cultural and literary texts from variety of media and genres providing a basis for practice in discussion and writing.
Introduction to Classical Chinese for the basic reader. Historical background of essential texts in the ancient period, covering classical literature, philosophy, and history. Focus on grammar, systematic sentence analysis, and distinctive functions of grammatical particles. A gateway to advanced literary reading and writing (shu-mian-yu). Enhancement of knowledge of classical literature, philosophy, and history. Recommend consultation with instructor before enrolling in course. Prerequisite: Chinese 333 or Chinese 407S.
Continuation of Chinese 232, Literacy in Chinese. Designed for Chinese as a second language. Practice in formal and informal speech and discourse in speaking and writing. Content drawn from newspaper articles, essays, TV and radio broadcasts concerning social and cultural issues in contemporary China. Develops fluency and skills in writing expository essays and short stories (narrative) while continuing to advance understanding of heritage culture and aural/oral proficiency. Prerequisite: Chinese 232 or equivalent proficiency.
Introduction to the basis of China’s Economic Reform from the late 1970s to 1990s, China’s changing social and macro-economic environment, and cross-cultural issues relating to cultural norms and value system in the business context. Focus on oral, written and intercultural communication, product marketing, business practices and protocols, and case studies in mainland Chinese society. Prerequisite: Chinese 204/205 or equivalent.