Assessment and Impact

Resource Description
Astin, A. W., & Sax, L. J. (1998). How undergraduates are affected by service participation. Journal of College Student Development, 39, 251-263. Longitudinal data were collected from 22,236 college undergraduates attending a national sample of baccalaureate-granting colleges and universities. The impact of service learning and community service was assessed on 11 different dependent measures: academic outcomes (three measures), values (two measures), self-efficacy, leadership (three measures), career plans, and plans to participate in further service after college.
Bringle, R. G., Phillips, M. A., & Hudson, M. (2004). The measure of service learning: Research scales to assess student experiences. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association. This is a practical resource for researchers and program evaluators that introduces an overview of scientific research and measurement. It providesexamples of scales that measure key contructs associated with the experiences of students in SL. It also provides an explanation of the characteristics that multiple-item scales should possess in order for them to be used in research.
Eyler, J., Giles, D., Stenson, C., & Gray, C. J. (2001). At a glance: What we know about the effects of service-learning on college students, faculty, institutions and communities, 1993-2000. Corporation for National Service: Learn and Serve America National Service-Learning Clearinghouse. This includes lists of resources on many aspects of SL: the effects of Service-Learning on students with Personal Outcomes, Social Outcomes, and Learning Outcomes; impact of program characteristics; impact on faculty; impact of university; impact on communities.   It includes an annotated Bibliography of Service-Learning Research, 1993-2000
Gelmon, S. B., Holland, B. A., Driscoll, A., Spring, A., and Kerrigan, S. (2001).Assessing the impact of service-learning and civic engagement: Principles and techniques. Providence. RI: Campus Compact. This definitive volume offers a broad overview of issues related to assessment in higher education, with specific application for measuring the impact of service-learning and civic engagement initiatives on students, faculty, the institution, and the community. This volume will assist individuals seeking a comprehensive resource on assessment issues, with applicability particularly in higher education as well as potential applications to other groups interested in assessment. Annotation from http://www.wcu.edu/WebFiles/PDFs/Bibliography_of_Civic_Engagement.pdf.
Markus, G. B., Howard, J. P. F., & King, D. C. (1993). Notes: Integrating community service and classroom instruction enhances learning: Results from an experiment. Educational Evaluation and Policy Analysis, 15(4), 410. These researchers report on the integration of SL into a political science course. SL students were significantly more likely than those in the traditional sections to report that they had performed up to their potential in the course, had learned to apply principles from the course to new situations, and had developed a greater awareness of societal problems. Also they reported increased learning and grades, and significant effects on personal values.